понедельник, 13 мая 2013 г.

When Integer cannot protect you from SQL injection?

It is assumed that the cast user data to a numeric type is fully protected from SQL injection vulnerabilities.

Look at simple example:

$action = $_GET['do'];
$r=$db->query("select role".((int)$action)." from users where id=".((int)$_SESSION['user_id']));
if($row=$r->fetchArray()){
        if((int)$row[0]!==1){
                die('permission denied');
        }else{
                doAction($action);
        }
}


This code looks like SQLi protected, but it is not true.

Do not forget two obvious facts:
1. Minus is SQL operatator
2. Numbers can be negative

Now its easy to understand SQL logic in this case (w/o injection):

select role0 from users where id=0

And SQL injection attack vector in this case:

select role-1 from users where id=0


In our example attacker can bypass auth.
This example requires tables role and role0 both in database.

50 комментариев:

  1. Should the last sentence say "columns role and role0 both in the table users"?

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  2. > describe us;
    +-------+------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    | Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
    +-------+------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    | role0 | text | YES | | NULL | |
    | role1 | text | YES | | NULL | |
    | role | text | YES | | NULL | |
    +-------+------+------+-----+---------+-------+
    3 rows in set (0.04 sec)

    > select role-1 from us;
    +--------+
    | role-1 |
    +--------+
    | -1 |
    +--------+
    1 row in set (0.00 sec)


    array list
    0 => key
    0 => value (-1)

    $me=mysql_query("SELECT role-1 FROM us");
    $f=mysql_fetch_array($me);

    echo $f[0]; //output -1

    var_dump(-1!==1); //true

    dude failed


    in the second case



    snip___
    MariaDB [data]> select role+1 from us;
    +--------+
    | role+1 |
    +--------+
    | 1 |
    +--------+

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    Ответы
    1. Этот комментарий был удален автором.

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    2. Этот комментарий был удален автором.

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  3. For Numeric type of columns role, role0...roleN of course :)

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  4. The article fail vector
    But I wrote about it, see 8)

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  5. What if just manually change the stupid value? I mean inline URL editing. In that case this isn't new. Not easy to exploit

    I think author want to show that u can't use critical values from frontend. I wouldn't use roles at least.

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  6. Can't understand your post. This vector works well.

    And text columns obviously not about this.

    Just about minus as a SQL operator. Types of database columns which can be operated through minus depends from DB type. Test SQLite, for example.

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  7. Этот комментарий был удален автором.

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  8. Your text can be considered a case of

    MariaDB [data]> select role from us;
    +------+
    | role |
    +------+
    | 2 | => me row output 2
    +------+
    1 row in set (0.00 sec)


    ===============================


    auth bypassvector

    MariaDB [data]> select role-1 from us;
    +--------+
    | role-1 |
    +--------+
    | 1 |
    +--------+
    1 row in set (0.00 sec)


    output row => 1
    and bypass :)

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  9. Этот комментарий был удален автором.

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  10. I have created another example from this issue in #0x3004CTF. Check it:
    http://pastebin.com/JpKVpC2m :)

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